Caesar's English 5-12

Unit 5

 

Stem

Meaning

Example

circum

around

A ship can circumnavigate the Earth by sailing all the way around it. To be circumspect is to be cautious and looking around. 

mal

bad

A malevolent person has bad will or evil intentions. A malady is when you feel bad. 

post

after

A postscript is the PS we put at the bottom of a letter after we have written it. Our posterity are our descendants who come after us. 

equi

equal

An equilateral triangle has three equal parts. Equilibrium is in a system of equal balance. 

ante

before

The antecedent is the noun that comes before the pronoun. The anterior is the front part of something.

 
 
 
 

Unit 6

 

Word

Meaning

Example

exquisite

beautifully made

"All the pain he had endured was as nothing compared with the exquisite agony of this." The Call of the Wild 

clamor

outcry

“The obscure bird clamored the livelong night.” Macbeth 

sublime

lofty

"Now we are rewarded for our sublime faith in a mother's love." Peter Pan 

tremulous

quivering

"His voice has a timid and tremulous sound." Adventures in Wonderland 

allude

indirectly refer to

“It was already four years since there had been any allusion to the subject between them." Passage to India 

 
 
 
 

Unit 7

 

Stem

Meaning

Example

aqua

water

An aquarium is a tank of water with fish in it. An aqueduct was built by the Romans to bring water to the city.

audi

hear

Your auditory nerves help you hear. An audience comes to hear the show.

scrib

write

To describe is to write down a description. A scribe is someone who writes things down.

cede

go

Someone precedes you when they go before you do. A flood goes back when it recedes.

cise

cut

Incisors are teeth that cut. To excise is to cut out. 

 
 
 
 

Unit 8

 

Word

Meaning

Example

placid

calm

“I found Renfield sitting placidly in his room with his hands folded, smiling benignly.” Dracula 

singular 

unique

"A wind was rising and making a singular, wild, low, rushing sound." The Secret Garden 

amiable 

friendly 

"Jody had never seen her so amiable." The Yearling 

incredulous

skeptical

"Magua shook his head incredulously." The Last of the Mohicans 

perplex

confuse

“And yet here I was perplexed again. " Robinson Crusoe 

 

Unit 9

 

Stem

Meaning

Example

cred

believe

Something is credible when it is believable. A credo is a set of beliefs. 

miss

send

An emission is like car exhaust that is sent out. A missive is a letter that you send.

cide

kill

To kill a human is homicide. To kill a king is regicide. To kill a (particular) group of people is genocide.

dict

say

To contradict is to say something against another's statement. Diction describes the way that you say things.

bell

war

A rebellion is a war of opposition. Belligerent is another word that means warlike and hostile. 

 
 
 
 

Unit 10

 

Word

Meaning

Example

melancholy

sadness

"It is a melancholy truth that even great men have their poor relations. " Charles Dickens 

visage

the face

"I travelled only at night, fearful of encountering the visage of a human being." Frankenstein. 

venerate

to respect

"I deeply venerated my cousin's talent and principle." Jane Eyre 

abate

to lessen

"My strength had much abated." Kidnapped 

repose

resting 

"Joy, temperance, and repose, slam the door on the doctor's nose. " Henry Wordsworth Longfellow 

 
 
 
 

Unit 11

 

Stem

Meaning

Example

spec

look

A spectator is someone who looks on to situation or event. A spectrum is an array of colors.

pend

hang

Something that is pending means it's hanging in wait, or not yet decided. To depend is to hang on or rely on something else for support.

omni

all

Omnipotent means all-powerful. Omnivorous means eating everything. 

re

again

To reiterate is to repeat again. When you bring someone back to life again, you revive them.

ex

out

To make an exception is to treat someone or something differently than the usual, outside of the normal expectations. 

 
 
 
 

Unit 12

 

Word

Meaning

Example

vulgar

common

"Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar." Hamlet 

traverse

to cross

"The highway traversed the lower levels of the heath, from one horizon to the other." The Return of the Native 

undulate

to wave

"Jello whined an undulating note and Kapu turned back to the den." Julie of the Wolves 

vivid

bright

"Vivid, beautiful hallucinations flashed through his mind." 1984 

pallor

paleness

"The judge with hands tight to the desk, his pallid lips pronouncing a death sentence." Leaves of Grass